COVID-19: Actions to Support the Economy and Financial System

Help to key monetary markets

We’re intervening to assist key monetary markets to make sure they proceed to perform correctly.

In occasions of market turmoil, monetary establishments could also be reluctant to behave of their regular position as market makers for bonds and different monetary property. Market makers maintain inventories of securities and quote costs at which they are going to purchase and promote—actions that will turn out to be prohibitively dangerous when the costs of those securities are fluctuating broadly. Consumers and sellers might then discover it troublesome to commerce—in different phrases, the market turns into illiquid.

That is significantly problematic within the case of friction available in the market for Authorities of Canada bonds, which are sometimes held because the most secure Canadian-dollar asset. These holding a bond might discover it troublesome to promote it to acquire money, whereas these wishing to purchase a bond for its security could also be unable to acquire it. Given the central position of Authorities of Canada bonds, together with as a benchmark for different rates of interest, such market illiquidity can have pervasive results by the monetary system.

As key monetary markets turned strained throughout this era, the Financial institution established a number of large-scale asset buy packages to extend liquidity in core funding markets. With core markets functioning usually and the economic system reopening, we have now discontinued the market liquidity services.

Asset purchases

The next packages have been discontinued:

  • Bankers’ Acceptance Buy Facility (BAPF): This program supported the marketplace for bankers’ acceptances, a key supply of financing for small and medium-sized company debtors.
  • Canada Mortgage Bond Buy Program (CMBP): Monetary establishments use Canada Mortgage Bonds (CMBs) to finance their mortgage lending to Canadian householders. By buying CMBs within the secondary market, this program helped present the means for monetary establishments to resume mortgages throughout this era, in addition to supported the circulate of credit score extra usually.
  • Company Bond Buy Program (CBPP): This program supported the liquidity and correct functioning of the company debt market. (A liquid and environment friendly marketplace for Canadian-dollar company bonds permits corporations, at present challenged by the influence of the COVID‑19 pandemic, to proceed to acquire essential longer-dated financing to assist their operations, finally aiding the Canadian economic system. It additionally strengthens the pass-through of financial coverage actions to debtors.)
  • Business Paper Buy Program (CPPP): This program supported the circulate of credit score to the economic system by assuaging strains in Canada’s business paper markets, a key supply of short-term financing to assist the continuing wants of a variety of corporations and public authorities.
  • Authorities of Canada Bond Buy Program (GBPP): The Financial institution purchases Authorities of Canada bonds within the secondary market to assist market functioning and supply financial stimulus. The main focus of the GBPP was to supply quantitative easing to assist the resumption of progress in output and employment and to attain our inflation goal.
  • Provincial Bond Buy Program (PBPP): This program aimed to additional assist the liquidity and well-functioning of provincial authorities funding markets by buying eligible securities within the secondary market.
  • Provincial Cash Market Buy Program (PMMP): This program was an asset buy facility that supported a liquid and well-functioning marketplace for short-term provincial borrowing.
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Stability sheet enlargement

These interventions, which contain buying monetary property and lending to monetary establishments, improve the dimensions of the Financial institution’s stability sheet. This stability sheet enlargement, along side our different actions, helps get the monetary system functioning correctly. A well-functioning monetary system helps the economic system get well as soon as the restrictions to include the virus have been lifted.

Threat mitigation

The Financial institution has designed these packages in a means that prudently manages the monetary danger to taxpayers. These packages mitigate danger by together with term-to-maturity limits, minimal credit score rankings, counterparty limits and focus limits. When exterior asset managers are used, they’re topic to strict conflict-of-interest necessities, well-defined mandates with restricted discretion and robust Financial institution oversight.

Whereas the Financial institution of Canada Act supplies the authorized authority to undertake these purchases, we have now collaborated intently with the federal authorities to acquire indemnity agreements on the most important buy packages. Authorities indemnification towards losses supplies further assurance that our use of those packages will stay intently tied to the Financial institution’s inflation management goal and is a typical method taken by different jurisdictions for a majority of these central financial institution packages.


The Financial institution recurrently experiences on the outcomes of its large-scale asset buy packages. Our aim is to be clear whereas defending commercially delicate info and trade-specific element that would influence the truthful market worth of the Financial institution’s purchases.

We report the full holdings of property bought by these packages on our weekly and month-to-month stability sheets. These packages even have devoted webpages the place the phrases and situations, in addition to outcomes of buy operations, can be found.

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Lastly, we’ll launch transaction-level particulars of those packages with a five-year lag, or shortly after the packages are wound up, whichever comes first.

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