Female Contraception: Birth Control Methods, Effectiveness & Side Effects

As a sexually energetic girl, you’ll be able to run into the chance of undesirable pregnancies if you don’t use contraception when partaking in intercourse together with your associate. Statistics have proven that 84% of {couples} who’ve common intercourse with out contraception will get pregnant inside a 12 months. One other 92% will get pregnant inside two years.

As a rule of thumb, in case you are a girl who desires to have solely two kids, chances are you’ll want to stop being pregnant for 28 years or 236 menstrual cycles. A variety of elements, together with age and frequency of intercourse, performs an element in figuring out how simply you’ll be able to develop into pregnant.

Other than stopping being pregnant, different ladies like you might also select to make use of contraception due to sure well being circumstances. For example, some hormonal contraception strategies could assist to manage your interval, scale back zits or decrease endometriosis-related ache.

Different Causes for Utilizing Beginning Management Strategies

Listed below are different frequent causes for utilizing contraception:

  • You’re keen on kids however you will have determined that you don’t want to have kids but or maybe are nonetheless relishing the thrill of couplehood together with your associate
  • You might not have a steady associate to assist in parenting a baby
  • For monetary causes, chances are you’ll not be capable to tackle the additional monetary duties that comes with having a child
  • You might really feel that your loved ones is full, so that you need to just remember to don’t develop into pregnant once more
  • You need to deal with caring for the youngsters you have already got
  • It might not be protected so that you can be pregnant for health-related causes

Forms of Beginning Management Strategies in Singapore

One of the vital frequent and cost-effective methods of stopping being pregnant is to make use of a condom, which may be simply bought on the pharmacy, grocery store or comfort retailer. Condoms scale back the chances of getting or passing on STDs however are solely about 85% efficient in stopping pregnancies.

Different contraceptive choices that promise a better success charge of stopping pregnancies embrace the next:

1. Beginning Management Capsules

Often known as contraceptive drugs, contraception drugs include hormones (estrogen and progestin) that cease ovulation so there aren’t any eggs for the sperm to fertilise. In addition they thicken the mucus within the cervix, making it tougher for sperm to maneuver. The drugs additionally skinny the liner of the uterus, making it tough to implant a fertilised egg.

Execs & Cons of Beginning Management Capsules

When used appropriately, contraception drugs are extremely efficient – as much as 91% in stopping pregnancies. It’s also straightforward so that you can reverse your fertility cycle just by stopping the capsule.

When you have menstrual-related points, the capsule may assist to make your menstrual circulation much less heavy and extra common. It may additionally enhance premenstrual syndrome (PMS) signs.

The draw back is that you must bear in mind to take the capsule on daily basis. It may be straightforward for issues to get tousled should you overlook to take your capsule on a specific day. Remedy or alcohol may intervene with the capsule’s effectiveness.

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The unwanted effects of contraception drugs can differ quite a bit. One of many good unwanted effects is that it could assist to manage zits. That is one purpose why even sexually inactive individuals typically take them. Contraception drugs are appropriate for you in case you are 50 years outdated and under, don’t smoke and are in good well being.

Aspect Results of Beginning Management Capsules

Unintended effects of taking contraception drugs could embrace:

  • Nausea
  • Sore or swollen breasts
  • Small quantities of blood or recognizing, between durations
  • Lighter durations
  • Temper modifications
  • Delicate headache

These unwanted effects are often manageable and shouldn’t be a explanation for concern. In case you are experiencing extra than simply gentle discomfort, it is best to at all times seek the advice of a health care provider.

Different unwanted effects are much less frequent, however are extra severe and should point out an underlying situation. These unwanted effects may be simply remembered utilizing the acronym ‘ACHES’, and embrace:

  • Abdominal ache
  • Chest ache
  • Headache
  • Eye issues
  • Swelling or aching in your legs or thighs

When you expertise these signs, seek the advice of a health care provider instantly or go to the emergency room as it could point out a extra extreme well being downside reminiscent of liver or gallbladder issues, stroke, blood clots, hypertension, or coronary heart illnesses.

Price of Beginning Management Capsules

Contraception drugs vary from $25 to $40 for a month’s provide relying on the model you select.

2. Evra Transdermal Patch

EVRA® patch is a skinny patch that may be worn on the stomach, thigh, buttocks or arms and works in the identical manner because the capsule. It has a excessive efficient charge of as much as 91% to 99% if used appropriately.

Execs & Cons of an Evra Patch

An EVRA® patch is an effective possibility for many who discover popping the capsule a problem as you solely want to interchange the patch weekly. Throughout every month-to-month cycle, you put on it for 3 weeks and don’t put on it throughout the 4th week. It additionally has much less gastric unwanted effects than the capsule.

The drawback is that the patch isn’t clear and chances are you’ll really feel a little bit uncomfortable carrying it as a result of sizzling and humid climate in Singapore.

Aspect Results of an Evra patch

Throughout the first three months of utilizing an EVRA® patch, recognizing or bleeding could happen between durations. If this continues after the third month, seek the advice of a health care provider. Different frequent unwanted effects embrace:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating and stomach cramps
  • Breast tenderness headache or migraine
  • Intolerance to contact lenses
  • Weight modifications
  • Temper swings
  • Pores and skin itching and pores and skin irritation

Price of an Evra Patch

EVRA® patch prices about $36 to $50 per thirty days.

3. NuvaRing

NuvaRing® is a mushy plastic ring that’s inserted into the vagina and stays in there for 3 weeks. You’ll be able to take away it within the 4th week, and exchange it with a brand new one the next month. Just like the EVRA® patch, it’s 91% to 99% efficient. It presents related professionals and cons to the patch.

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Aspect Results of NuvaRing

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Widespread unwanted effects embrace:

  • Vaginal infections and irritation
  • Vagina itching or discharge
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Abdomen cramps
  • Adjustments in weight or urge for food
  • Breast ache/tenderness/swelling
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Drained feeling
  • Adjustments in your menstrual durations, and
  • Decreased intercourse drive

Price of NuvaRing

It prices about $60 per thirty days to make use of the Nuva ring.

4. Beginning Management Injection

Your normal practitioner (GP) or gynaecologist will give this shot of hormones each three months to stop ovulation. It really works like contraception drugs by introducing hormones to stop ovulation and thicken cervical mucus.

Execs and Cons of Beginning Management Injections

Contraception injections are 94% to 99% efficient so long as you bear in mind to go to your jab. It’s also a non-invasive methodology of contraception, which is most popular by some ladies.

One drawback of contraception injections is that it takes a very long time to regain fertility – often six to 12 months – must you resolve to have youngsters sooner or later.

Aspect Results of Beginning Management Injections

Unintended effects of contraception injections embrace:

  • Irregular durations, that are extra frequent within the first six to 12 months after your first injection
  • elevated recognizing and breakthrough bleeding
  • A change in urge for food
  • Weight acquire
  • A change in sexual drive and curiosity
  • Nausea
  • Tender, sore breasts
  • A headache
  • Temper modifications

Price of Beginning Management Injections

Contraception injections value about $150 to $200 for 3 months, which interprets to $50 to $67 per thirty days

5. Contraceptive Implant

This progesterone implant is inserted below the arm to stop ovulation. It really works by slowly releasing hormones to stop being pregnant.

Execs and Cons of Contraceptive Implants

It has an efficient charge of as much as 99 per cent. It’s a long-term contraceptive possibility because it lasts for 3 years . Additionally, you will regain your fertility shortly after you cease utilizing it.

The drawback is you will have to see a health care provider to get it inserted. In uncommon instances, it could be tough to take away the implant whether it is embedded too deeply.

Aspect Results of Contraceptive Implants

Unintended effects embrace:

  • Belly or again ache
  • An elevated threat of noncancerous ovarian cysts
  • Adjustments in vaginal bleeding patterns, together with absence of menstruation (amenorrhea)
  • Decreased intercourse drive
  • Dizziness
  • Complications
  • Delicate insulin resistance
  • Temper swings and melancholy
  • Nausea or upset abdomen
  • Potential interplay with different medicines
  • Sore breasts
  • Vaginal irritation or dryness
  • Weight acquire

Price of Contraceptive Implants

A contraceptive implant prices about $400 to $600, and every implant can last as long as three years.

6. Intrauterine Gadget (IUD)

Often known as the coil, an intrauterine machine (IUD) is a small T-shaped copper machine that’s inserted into the uterus to stop being pregnant.

Execs and Cons of an IUD

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It’s as much as 98% efficient and may be left within the womb for as much as 5 years. It’s also a sensible choice for breastfeeding mums. Additionally, you will regain fertility when you take away it.

Nonetheless, one primary drawback is that it could trigger irregular bleeding or recognizing. Because of this medical doctors don’t often advocate this as a primary alternative in case you are anaemic or have heavy durations.

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Problems are uncommon however there’s a small threat that the IUD may fall out and trigger an an infection throughout the insertion. Different dangers embrace problem in eradicating the machine.

Aspect Results of an IUD

Unintended effects of utilizing an IUD embrace:

  • Headache
  • Zits
  • Breast tenderness
  • Irregular bleeding, which might enhance after six months of use
  • Temper modifications
  • Cramping or pelvic ache

Price of an IUD

An IUD prices about $400 to $500 and might final for as much as 5 years.

7. Emergency Contraception (Morning-after Capsule)

The morning-after capsule is a contraceptive taken after intercourse. It really works the identical manner as the contraception capsule and can be utilized as much as 120 hours after unprotected intercourse.

You will need to notice that emergency contraception isn’t meant to be a contraception methodology. It serves to give you an alternate you probably have not been utilizing common strategies correctly. For instance, should you found a tear within the condom or forgot to take a contraception capsule, you should use emergency contraception as a final resort. Nonetheless, this capsule could not work you probably have already begun ovulation.

Aspect Results of Morning-after Capsules

The unwanted effects of morning-after drugs sometimes final just a few days and should embrace:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Breast tenderness
  • Bleeding between durations or heavier menstrual bleeding
  • Decrease stomach ache or cramps

Price of Morning-after Capsules

Every morning-after capsule can value between $40 to $50, which is sort of costly in comparison with the opposite contraception strategies.

What’s the finest type of contraception for me?

In selecting the best type of contraception for your self, elements reminiscent of your age, frequency of sexual exercise, household historical past concerning sure diseases, consolation stage when utilizing a specific methodology in addition to your need to be pregnant sooner or later are a number of the key issues it is best to think about.

It is strongly recommended that you simply speak to your physician to search out out which methodology works finest for you. Don’t really feel embarrassed if you must make clear together with your physician how every methodology works. Having the precise data is vital and it is best to have adequate data to decide on which contraception methodology you’re feeling most comfy with. When you may have extra information available, you’re better-placed to take management of your sexual well being.

When you really feel extra comfy discussing your choices with a health care provider within the privateness of your property, you’ll be able to have interaction a home name physician or seek the advice of a health care provider by means of a video name. Must you want a repeat prescription of contraception drugs or emergency contraception, you’ll be able to merely seek the advice of a health care provider on-line and have the drugs delivered to the doorstep.

Please see more summary list Contraceptive pills where to buy in singapore for your needs? You are at the right place. We recognize that amidst so many choices in the market, it can be perplexing and confusing to make the right pick.

Source: https://www.homage.sg/health/birth-control-singapore/

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