Help Save New Zealand Raw Milk

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Help Litigation Fund for Dairy Farmers

In one of many extra draconian enforcement actions ever taken in opposition to uncooked milk producers, the New Zealand Ministry for Major Trade (MPI) introduced felony costs in opposition to the farmers of 9 completely different uncooked milk dairies for violations of that nation’s Uncooked Milk for Sale to Customers Rules 2015 (the “2015 rules”). A number of the defendants have additionally been charged with violations of the Animal Merchandise Act (APA). The uncooked milk costs assert that by participating within the provide of uncooked cow milk “a direct or oblique threat to human or animal well being could be created.”

The Weston A. Worth Basis (WAPF) is conscious of particular costs in opposition to three of the farms (two of the three are operated by pensioners). Cedric Backhouse and his spouse (WAPF chapter chief Susan Gales) of Alt Vitality Farm are every being charged with 26 violations of the 2015 rules and the APA associated to the distribution of uncooked milk and meat by a herdshare settlement; the potential penalties for every defendant are as much as 19 years in jail and $1.8 million (over $1.25 million in U.S. {dollars}) in fines.

Phillippa (Pip) Martin and John Martin of Manna Milk are every dealing with seven costs with penalties of as much as 12 years in jail and $545,000 in fines (over $380,000 US) for alleged violations of the 2015 rules and the APA associated to the distribution of uncooked milk by a restricted partnership settlement.

Paul and Christine Ashton of Lindsay Farms are every dealing with 5 costs with penalties as much as eight years in jail and $320,000 in fines (over $225,000 US) for alleged violations of the 2015 rules associated to the distribution of uncooked milk by a restricted partnership settlement.

A majority of the farmers charged had been working below a herdshare or a restricted partnership enterprise mannequin as a matter of survival after MPI issued the 2015 rules affecting uncooked milk manufacturing and gross sales (the rules went into impact in March 2016). The ministry promulgated the rules because of a 2014 foodborne sickness outbreak related (or blamed on) uncooked milk consumption the place seven individuals grew to become sick.

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The variety of dairies promoting or distributing uncooked milk is a fraction of what it was earlier than MPI imposed the brand new rules. It’s significantly tougher for the remaining dairies to make a residing than it was 5 years in the past. MPI’s enforcement motion in opposition to the farmers-in addition to placing the charged farms out of business-is designed to create a chilling impact on the remaining farms and on farmers considering of beginning up a uncooked milk enterprise.


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WAPF, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, is accepting donations to assist pay authorized bills for the charged farmers. Donations are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the legislation. To donate, please use the hyperlink right here ( and point out the fund for ‘New Zealand uncooked milk’. (For these eager to ship a verify, please specify that it’s for “New Zealand uncooked milk”.)


Earlier than the 2015 rules went into impact, it was estimated that as many as 200 farms had been promoting or distributing uncooked milk in New Zealand; at the moment there may very well be lower than 20% of that quantity nonetheless left.

A. Compliance Limitations

The price to uncooked milk farms to adjust to the 2015 rules was within the vary of $10,000-$20,000 per 12 months for every farm no matter what the farm’s manufacturing quantity was—an expenditure that many farms couldn’t afford. Past that, there have been a number of ways in which the brand new necessities considerably harm the farmers’ capability to make a residing.

1. Depot Permits and Burdens

Earlier than 2016, farmers had been in a position to ship uncooked milk to a central distribution level (often known as a “depot”), a necessity given the gap between most farms and their clients plus the substantial quantity of additional time it takes to ship door-to-door. The brand new rules required a allow for every depot the farmers had been delivering to; in any other case, gross sales had been restricted to on-farm and to buyer premises. Given the estimated price of allowing every depot, out of the 26 uncooked milk farms which have registered with MPI (registration was additionally a requirement within the 2015 rules), just one has obtained depot permits. Any buyer wanting to select up milk on the depot needed to be registered with MPI as a transport operator. There are quite a few recordkeeping necessities for a transport operator even when that particular person is selecting up milk for his or her family.

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2. Promote-by and Use-by Constraints

Essentially the most damaging provisions for farmers within the new rules had been sell-by and used-by necessities for uncooked milk. The regulation for a sell-by time states the next:

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“The sell-by time for lots of milk is the time that’s the 30 hours after the graduation of milking for the oldest milk in that lot. (For instance, if milking commenced at 7am on Monday 4 June, the sell-by time is 1pm on Tuesday 5 June, even when milk from a subsequent milking is added to that lot.).”

One of many registered farms estimated that this mandate price them 30% of their enterprise because the farm was unable to fulfill the time constraints in getting the milk to its extra distant clients.

The requirement for the use-by date for uncooked milk “is 4 days after the graduation of milking for the oldest milk within the lot.”

3. Testing

One other onerous mandate for the farmers is on testing. Dairies are required to check for 5 completely different pathogens, coliforms, plate depend, somatic cell counts, and “inhibitory substances” each 10 days. Estimates for the price of testing are round $750 per 30 days.

4. Data

Lastly, the rules require that farmers not solely maintain buyer names on file for MPI inspection but additionally each transaction with every buyer as nicely.

B. Alternate Enterprise Fashions

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Many dairies, realizing they couldn’t afford the price of compliance with the brand new rules, went out of enterprise earlier than the brand new legislation took impact. Others-believing their solely strategy to keep afloat was to not need to adjust to the 2015 regulations-set up enterprise fashions comparable to herdshare applications and restricted partnership agreements, continuing in good religion that giving their clients an possession curiosity of their dairy livestock would exempt them from the brand new necessities.

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C. MPI Raids

When fewer uncooked milk producers registered than MPI had anticipated, in 2019 the ministry launched “Operation Caravan”, an investigation of dairies that MPI suspected weren’t complying with the brand new rules. The investigation included the intensive use of MPI undercover operatives. In December 2019 MPI obtained search warrants and raided eight uncooked milk farms and farmers’ houses across the nation, seizing every thing from buyer lists to laptop onerous drives. A number of the raided farms shut down; others saved on going. After a year-long investigation, MPI filed felony costs in December 2020. The Ashtons had registered Lindsay Farm with MPI months earlier, having been instructed by the ministry that any potential costs would go away if the farm was registered.

Backhouse and Galea are every charged with 17 counts of promoting or providing to promote illegally home-killed meat; every depend lists the quantity allegedly offered as below $100 and one was for less than $15.40. The potential high-quality for every of the 17 costs is as much as $75,000. MPI has by no means accused Backhouse and Galea of constructing anybody sick with the milk or meat they produced.

An lawyer representing one of many charged farmers has been unable to seek out proof that any of the charged farmers made anybody sick with the milk they produced. Underneath the legislation, MPI can solely prosecute these whose merchandise pose a public well being threat.

Arraignment for defendants is scheduled to happen in March.The accused farmers and the 250,000 New Zealand residents who eat uncooked milk want your help.

Please contribute to this effort to guard freedom of selection, sturdy native meals programs, and the correct of small farmers to make a residing producing nutrient-dense meals.

Thanks in your generosity and your assist in spreading the phrase.

To donate, please use the hyperlink right here ( and point out the fund for ‘New Zealand uncooked milk’. (For these eager to ship a verify, please specify that it’s for “New Zealand uncooked milk”.)

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