Why Silicon Valley billionaires are prepping for the apocalypse in New Zealand

Video Why Silicon Valley billionaires are prepping for the apocalypse in New Zealand

If you happen to’re ultimately of the world, you’re keen on New Zealand. If you happen to’re keen on how our present cultural anxieties – local weather disaster, decline of transatlantic political orders, resurgent nuclear terror – manifest themselves in apocalyptic visions, you’re within the place occupied by this distant archipelago of obvious peace and stability towards the roiling unease of the day.

If you happen to’re ultimately of the world, you’d have been , quickly after Donald Trump’s election as US president, to learn a New York Occasions headline stating that Peter Thiel, the billionaire enterprise capitalist who co-founded PayPal and was an early investor in Fb, thought of New Zealand to be “the Future”. As a result of if you’re in any severe manner involved concerning the future, you’re additionally involved about Thiel, a canary in capitalism’s coal mine who additionally occurs to have profited lavishly from his stake within the mining concern itself.

Thiel is in a single sense a caricature of outsized villainy: he was the one main Silicon Valley determine to place his weight behind the Trump presidential marketing campaign; he vengefully bankrupted an internet site as a result of he didn’t like how they wrote about him; he’s identified for his public musings concerning the incompatibility of freedom and democracy, and for expressing curiosity – as if enthusiastically pursuing the clunkiest attainable metaphor for capitalism at its most vampiric – in a remedy involving transfusions of blood from younger folks as a possible technique of reversing the ageing course of. However in one other, deeper sense, he’s pure image: much less an individual than a shell firm for a diversified portfolio of anxieties concerning the future, a human emblem of the ethical vortex on the centre of the market.

It was in 2011 that Thiel declared he’d discovered “no different nation that aligns extra with my view of the longer term than New Zealand”. The declare was made as a part of an software for citizenship; the appliance was swiftly granted, although it remained a secret for an extra six years. In 2016, Sam Altman, one in all Silicon Valley’s most influential entrepreneurs, revealed to the New Yorker that he had an association with Thiel whereby within the eventuality of some sort of systemic collapse situation – artificial virus breakout, rampaging AI, useful resource conflict between nuclear-armed states, so forth – they each get on a personal jet and fly to a property Thiel owns in New Zealand. (The plan from this level, you’d need to assume, was to sit down out the collapse of civilisation earlier than re-emerging to supply seed-funding for, say, the insect-based protein sludge market.)

Within the rapid wake of that Altman revelation, Matt Nippert, a reporter for the New Zealand Herald, started trying into the query of how precisely Thiel had come into possession of this apocalypse retreat, a 477-acre former sheep station within the South Island – the bigger, extra sparsely populated of the nation’s two main landmasses. Foreigners trying to buy vital quantities of New Zealand land usually need to cross by means of a stringent authorities vetting course of. In Thiel’s case, Nippert discovered, no such course of had been essential, as a result of he was already a citizen of New Zealand, regardless of having spent not more than 12 days within the nation as much as that time, and having not been seen within the place since. He didn’t even must journey to New Zealand to have his citizenship conferred, it turned out: the deal was sealed in a personal ceremony at a consulate handily situated in Santa Monica.

‘Much less an individual than a shell firm for a diversified portfolio of anxieties concerning the future’ … Peter Thiel. {Photograph}: VCG/Getty

When Nippert broke the story, there was a serious public scandal over the query of whether or not a overseas billionaire ought to be capable to successfully buy citizenship. As a part of his software, Thiel had agreed to put money into New Zealand tech startups, and had implied that he would use his new standing as a naturalised Kiwi to advertise the nation’s enterprise pursuits overseas. However the focus internationally was on why Thiel may need needed to personal a bit of New Zealand roughly the scale of decrease Manhattan within the first place. And the overwhelming suspicion was that he was searching for a rampart to which he might retreat within the occasion of outright civilisational collapse.

As a result of that is the function that New Zealand now performs in our unfurling cultural fever dream: an island haven amid a rising tide of apocalyptic unease. In response to the nation’s Division of Inside Affairs, within the two days following the 2016 election the variety of People who visited its web site to investigate concerning the technique of gaining New Zealand citizenship elevated by an element of 14 in comparison with the identical days within the earlier month. Specifically, New Zealand has come to be seen as a bolthole of selection for Silicon Valley’s tech elite.

Within the rapid aftermath of Trump’s election, the theme of American plutocrats making ready for the apocalypse was not possible to keep away from. The week after the inauguration, the New Yorker ran one other piece concerning the super-rich who had been making preparations for a grand civilisational crackup; talking of New Zealand as a “favored refuge within the occasion of a cataclysm”, billionaire LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman, a former colleague of Thiel’s at PayPal, claimed that “saying you’re ‘shopping for a home in New Zealand’ is sort of a wink, wink, say no extra”.

Everyone seems to be all the time saying today that it’s simpler to think about the top of the world than the top of capitalism. Everyone seems to be all the time saying it, for my part, as a result of it’s clearly true. The notion, paranoid or in any other case, that billionaires are making ready for a coming civilisational collapse appears a literal manifestation of this axiom. Those that are saved, ultimately, might be those that can afford the premium of salvation. And New Zealand, the furthest place from wherever, is on this narrative a sort of new Ararat: a spot of shelter from the approaching flood.

Early final summer time, simply as my pursuits within the matters of civilisational collapse and Peter Thiel had been starting to converge right into a single obsession, I obtained out of the blue an electronic mail from a New Zealand artwork critic named Anthony Byrt. If I needed to grasp the intense ideology that underpinned Thiel’s attraction to New Zealand, he insisted, I wanted to grasp an obscure libertarian manifesto known as The Sovereign Particular person: Find out how to Survive and Thrive Through the Collapse of the Welfare State. It was printed in 1997, and in recent times one thing of a minor cult has grown up round it within the tech world, largely on account of Thiel’s citing it because the guide he’s most affected by. (Different outstanding boosters embrace Netscape founder and enterprise capitalist Marc Andreessen, and Balaji Srinivasan, the entrepreneur finest identified for advocating Silicon Valley’s full secession from the US to type its personal company city-state.)

The Sovereign Particular person’s co-authors are James Dale Davidson, a personal investor who specialises in advising the wealthy on find out how to revenue from financial disaster, and the late William Rees-Mogg, long-serving editor of the Occasions. (One different notable facet of Lord Rees-Mogg’s different legacy is his personal son, the Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg – a rapidly sketched caricature of an Previous Etonian, who’s as beloved of Britain’s ultra-reactionary pro-Brexit proper as he’s loathed by the left.)

I used to be intrigued by Byrt’s description of the guide as a sort of grasp key to the connection between New Zealand and the techno-libertarians of Silicon Valley. Reluctant to counterpoint Davidson or the Rees-Mogg property any additional, I purchased a used version on-line, the musty pages of which had been right here and there smeared with the desiccated snot of no matter nose-picking libertarian preceded me.

It presents a bleak vista of a post-democratic future. Amid a thicket of analogies to the medieval collapse of feudal energy buildings, the guide additionally managed, a decade earlier than the invention of bitcoin, to make some impressively correct predictions concerning the creation of on-line economies and cryptocurrencies.

The guide’s 400-odd pages of near-hysterical orotundity can roughly be damaged down into the next sequence of propositions:

1) The democratic nation-state mainly operates like a legal cartel, forcing trustworthy residents to give up massive parts of their wealth to pay for stuff like roads and hospitals and colleges.

2) The rise of the web, and the arrival of cryptocurrencies, will make it not possible for governments to intervene in personal transactions and to tax incomes, thereby liberating people from the political safety racket of democracy.

3) The state will consequently turn into out of date as a political entity.

4) Out of this wreckage will emerge a brand new world dispensation, through which a “cognitive elite” will rise to energy and affect, as a category of sovereign people “commanding vastly larger assets” who will now not be topic to the ability of nation-states and can redesign governments to swimsuit their ends.

The Sovereign Particular person is, in probably the most literal of senses, an apocalyptic textual content. Davidson and Rees-Mogg current an explicitly millenarian imaginative and prescient of the close to future: the collapse of previous orders, the rising of a brand new world. Liberal democracies will die out, and get replaced by unfastened confederations of company city-states. Western civilisation in its present type, they insist, will finish with the millennium. “The brand new Sovereign Particular person,” they write, “will function just like the gods of fable in the identical bodily atmosphere because the atypical, topic citizen, however in a separate realm politically.” It’s not possible to overstate the darkness and extremity of the guide’s predictions of capitalism’s future; to learn it’s to be frequently reminded that the dystopia of your darkest insomniac imaginings is nearly all the time another person’s dream of a brand new utopian daybreak.

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Davidson and Rees-Mogg recognized New Zealand as a really perfect location for this new class of sovereign people, as a “domicile of selection for wealth creation within the Info Age”. Byrt, who drew my consideration to those passages, had even turned up proof of a property deal within the mid-Nineties through which a large sheep station on the southern tip of the North Island was bought by a conglomerate whose main shareholders included Davidson and Rees-Mogg. Additionally in on the deal was one Roger Douglas, the previous Labour finance minister who had presided over a radical restructuring of New Zealand financial system alongside neoliberal strains within the Eighties. (This era of so-called “Rogernomics”, Byrt instructed me – the promoting off of state belongings, slashing of welfare, deregulation of monetary markets – created the political situations that had made the nation such a beautiful prospect for rich People.)

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Thiel’s curiosity in New Zealand was actually fuelled by his JRR Tolkien obsession: this was a person who had named at the least 5 of his firms in reference to The Lord of the Rings, and fantasised as an adolescent about enjoying chess towards a robotic that would focus on the books. It was a matter, too, of the nation’s abundance of unpolluted water and the comfort of in a single day flights from California. But it surely was additionally inseparable from a specific strand of apocalyptic techno-capitalism. To learn The Sovereign Particular person was to see this ideology laid naked: these folks, the self-appointed “cognitive elite”, had been content material to see the unravelling of the world so long as they may stick with it creating wealth ultimately instances.

New Zealand as Center-earth in The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring. {Photograph}: Everett/Rex

I used to be struck by how unusual and disquieting it should have been for a New Zealander to see their very own nation refracted by means of this unusual apocalyptic lens. There was actually an ambient consciousness that the tech world elite had developed an odd curiosity within the nation as a really perfect end-times bolthole; it will have been tough, at any price, to disregard the latest cascade of articles about Thiel buying citizenship, and the apocalyptic implications of similar. However there appeared to have been mainly zero dialogue of the frankly alarming ideological dimension of all of it.

It was simply this ideological dimension, because it occurred, that was the main focus of a undertaking Byrt himself had not too long ago bought concerned in, a brand new exhibition by the artist Simon Denny. Denny, a big determine within the worldwide artwork scene, was initially from Auckland, however has lived for some years in Berlin. Byrt described him as each “sort of a genius” and “the poster-boy for post-internet artwork, no matter that’s”; he characterised his personal function within the undertaking with Denny as an amalgamation of researcher, journalist and “investigative thinker, following the path of concepts and ideologies”.

The exhibition was known as The Founder’s Paradox, a reputation that got here from the title of one of many chapters in Thiel’s 2014 guide, Zero to One: Notes on Startups, or Find out how to Construct the Future. Along with the lengthy and intricately detailed catalogue essay Byrt was writing to accompany it, the present was a reckoning with the longer term that Silicon Valley techno-libertarians like Thiel needed to construct, and with New Zealand’s place in that future.

These had been questions I too was wanting to reckon with. Which is to say that I actually was – helplessly, morbidly – ultimately of the world, and that I used to be subsequently keen on New Zealand. And so I made a decision to go there, to see for myself the land that Thiel had apparently put aside for the collapse of civilisation: a spot that might turn into for me a sort of labyrinth, and whose proprietor I used to be already starting to mythologise because the monster at its centre.

Inside about an hour of arriving in Auckland, I used to be as near catatonic from fatigue as made no distinction, and staring into the maw of a volcano. I used to be standing subsequent to Byrt, who’d picked me up from the airport and, in a gesture I might come to grasp as quintessentially Kiwi, dragged me straight up the facet of a volcano. This specific volcano, Mount Eden, was a reasonably domesticated specimen, round which was unfold one of many extra prosperous suburbs of Auckland – the one metropolis on the planet, I discovered, constructed on a technically still-active volcanic subject.

I used to be just a little out of breath from the climb and, having simply emerged within the southern hemisphere from a Dublin November, sweating liberally within the relative warmth of the early summer time morning. I used to be additionally experiencing near-psychotropic ranges of jetlag. I should have regarded a bit off, as a result of Byrt – a bearded, hoodied and baseball-capped man in his late 30s – provided a cheerful apology for enjoying the volcano card so early within the proceedings.

“I in all probability ought to have eased you into it, mate” he chuckled. “However I assumed it’d be good to get a view of town earlier than breakfast.”

The view of Auckland and its surrounding islands was certainly ravishing – although on reflection, it was no extra ravishing than any of the numerous different views I might wind up getting ravished by over the following 10 days. That, famously, is the entire level of New Zealand: for those who don’t like getting ravished by views, you haven’t any enterprise within the place; to journey there may be to provide implicit consent to being hustled left, proper and centre into states of aesthetic rapture.

A view of Auckland from Mount Eden. {Photograph}: Alamy

“Plus I’ve been within the nation mere minutes,” I mentioned, “and I’ve already bought an ideal visible metaphor for the fragility of civilisation within the bag.”

I used to be referring right here to the pleasingly surreal spectacle of a volcanic crater overlaid with a floor of neatly manicured grass. (I jotted this commentary down in my pocket book, feeling as I did so a smug infusion of advantage about getting some literary non-fiction squared away earlier than even dropping my baggage off on the resort. “Volcano with garden over it,” I scrawled. “Visible manifestation of thematic motif: Civ as skinny membrane stretched over chaos.”)

I remarked on the strangeness of all these Silicon Valley geniuses supposedly apocalypse-proofing themselves by shopping for up land down right here proper on the Pacific Ring of Fireplace, the horseshoe curve of geological fault strains that stretches upward from the western flank of the Americas, again down alongside the japanese coasts of Russia and Japan and on into the South Pacific.

“Yeah,” mentioned Byrt, “however a few of them are shopping for farms and sheep stations fairly far inland. Tsunamis aren’t going to be a giant concern there. And what they’re after is house, and clear water. Two issues we’ve bought quite a lot of down right here.”

The next day, I went to the gallery in downtown Auckland to try The Founder’s Paradox. Denny, a neat and droll man in his mid-30s, talked me by means of the conceptual framework. It was structured round video games – in idea playable, however in follow encountered as sculptures – representing two completely different sorts of political imaginative and prescient for New Zealand’s future. The brilliant and ethereal floor flooring house was stuffed with tactile, bodily game-sculptures, riffs on Jenga and Operation and Tornado. These works, incorporating collaborative and spontaneous concepts of play, had been knowledgeable by a latest guide known as The New Zealand Mission by a younger leftwing thinker named Max Harris, which explored a humane, collectivist politics influenced by Māori beliefs about society.

Down within the low-ceilinged, dungeon-like basement was a set of sculptures based mostly round a completely completely different understanding of play, extra rule-bound and cerebral. These had been based mostly on the sort of strategy-based role-playing video games notably beloved of Silicon Valley tech varieties, and representing a Thielian imaginative and prescient of the nation’s future. The psychological impact of this spatial dimension of the present was rapid: upstairs, you might breathe, you might see issues clearly, whereas to stroll downstairs was to really feel oppressed by low ceilings, by an absence of pure mild, by the darkness of the geek-apocalypticism captured in Denny’s elaborate sculptures.

This was a world Denny himself knew intimately. And what was strangest and most unnerving about his artwork was the sense that he was permitting us to see this world not from the surface in, however from the within out. Over beers in Byrt’s kitchen the earlier evening, Denny had instructed me about a cocktail party he had been to in San Francisco earlier that 12 months, on the residence of a techie acquaintance, the place he had been seated subsequent to Curtis Yarvin, founding father of the Thiel-funded computing platform Urbit. As anybody who takes an unhealthy curiosity within the weirder recesses of the web far-right is conscious, Yarvin is extra broadly referred to as the blogger Mencius Moldbug, the mental progenitor of Neoreaction, an antidemocratic motion that advocates for a sort of white-nationalist oligarchic neofeudalism – rule by and for a self-proclaimed cognitive elite – and which has discovered a small however influential constituency in Silicon Valley. It was clear that Denny was deeply unsettled by Yarvin’s model of nerd autocracy, however equally clear that breaking bread with him was in itself no nice discomfort.

‘A Thielian imaginative and prescient of the nation’s future’ … The Founder’s Paradox, a board sport by artist Simon Denny. {Photograph}: Simon Denny/Michael Lett Gallery

Beneath all of the intricacy and element of its world-building, The Founder’s Paradox was clearly animated by an uneasy fascination with the utopian future imagined by the techno-libertarians of Silicon Valley, and with New Zealand’s function in that future. The exhibition’s centrepiece was a tabletop technique sport known as Founders, which drew closely on the aesthetic – in addition to the explicitly colonialist language and targets – of Settlers of Catan, a cult multiplayer technique board sport. The purpose of Founders, clarified by the accompanying textual content and by the piece’s lurid illustrations, was not merely to evade the apocalypse, however to prosper from it. First you acquired land in New Zealand, with its wealthy assets and clear air, away from the chaos and ecological devastation gripping the remainder of the world. Subsequent you moved on to seasteading, the libertarian best of setting up artifical islands in worldwide waters; on these floating utopian micro-states, rich tech innovators can be free to go about their enterprise with out interference from democratic governments. (Thiel was an early investor in, and advocate of, the seasteading motion, although his curiosity has waned in recent times.) Then you definitely mined the moon for its ore and different assets, earlier than transferring on to colonise Mars. This final stage of the sport mirrored the present most popular futurist fantasy, most famously superior by Thiel’s former PayPal colleague Elon Musk, along with his dream of fleeing a dying planet Earth for privately owned colonies on Mars.

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The affect of the Sovereign Particular person, and of Byrt’s obsession with it, was everywhere in the present. It was an in depth mapping of a attainable future, in all its extremely refined barbarism. It was a utopian dream that appeared, in all its garish element and specificity, because the nightmare imaginative and prescient of a world to come back.

Thiel himself had spoken publicly of New Zealand as a “utopia”, through the interval in 2011 when he was manoeuvring for citizenship, investing in varied native startups below a enterprise capital fund known as Valar Ventures. (I hardly must inform you that Valar is one other Tolkien reference.) This was a person with a specific understanding of what a utopia may appear to be, who didn’t consider, in spite of everything, within the compatibility of freedom and democracy. In a Vainness Honest article about his function as adviser to Trump’s marketing campaign, a good friend was quoted as saying that “Thiel has mentioned to me straight and repeatedly that he needed to have his personal nation”, including that he had even gone as far as to cost up the prospect at someplace round $100bn.

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The Kiwis I spoke with had been uncomfortably conscious of what Thiel’s curiosity of their nation represented, of the way it appeared to determine extra usually within the frontier fantasies of American libertarians. Max Harris – the writer of The New Zealand Mission, the guide that knowledgeable the game-sculptures on the higher stage of The Founder’s Paradox – identified that, for a lot of its historical past, the nation tended to be considered as a sort of political Petri dish (it was, for example, the primary nation to recognise girls’s proper to vote), and that this “maybe makes Silicon Valley varieties assume it’s a sort of clean canvas to splash concepts on”.

Donald Trump and Peter Thiel at Trump Tower in December 2016. {Photograph}: Bloomberg/Getty

Once we met in her workplace on the Auckland College of Expertise, the authorized scholar Khylee Quince insisted that any invocation of New Zealand as a utopia was a “large pink flag”, notably to Māori like herself. “That’s the language of vacancy and isolation that was all the time used about New Zealand throughout colonial instances,” she mentioned. And it was all the time, she careworn, a story that erased the presence of those that had been already right here: her personal Māori ancestors. The primary main colonial encounter for Māori within the nineteenth century was not with representatives of the British crown, she identified, however with personal enterprise. The New Zealand Firm was a personal agency based by a convicted English baby kidnapper named Edward Gibbon Wakefield, with the purpose of attracting rich buyers with an considerable provide of cheap labour – migrant employees who couldn’t themselves afford to purchase land within the new colony, however who would journey there within the hope of ultimately saving sufficient wages to purchase in. The corporate launched into a sequence of expeditions within the 1820s and 30s; it was solely when the agency began drawing up plans to formally colonise New Zealand, and to arrange a authorities of its personal devising, that the British colonial workplace suggested the crown to take steps to ascertain a proper colony. Within the utopian fantasies of techno-libertarians like Thiel, Quince noticed an echo of that interval of her nation’s historical past. “Enterprise,” she mentioned, “bought right here first.”

Given her Māori heritage, Quince was notably attuned to the colonial resonances of the newer language round New Zealand as each an apocalyptic retreat and a utopian house for American wealth and ingenuity.

“I discover it extremely offensive,” she mentioned. “Thiel bought citizenship after spending 12 days on this nation, and I don’t know if he’s even conscious that Māori exist. We as indigenous folks have a really sturdy sense of intergenerational id and collectivity. Whereas these folks, who’re form of the modern iteration of the coloniser, are coming from an ideology of rampant individualism, rampant capitalism.”

Quince’s view was on no account the norm. New Zealanders are usually extra flattered than troubled by the curiosity of Silicon Valley tech gurus of their nation. It’s obtained by and huge as a sign that the tyranny of distance – the intense antipodean remoteness that has formed the nation’s sense of itself since colonial instances – has lastly been toppled by the liberating forces of know-how and financial globalisation.

“It’s very interesting,” the political scientist Peter Skilling instructed me, “these entrepreneurs saying good issues about us. We’re like a cat having its tummy rubbed. If Silicon Valley varieties are welcomed right here, it’s not as a result of we’re notably prone to libertarian concepts; it’s as a result of we’re complacent and naive.”

Among the many leftwing Kiwis I spoke with, there had been a kindling of cautious optimism, sparked by the latest shock election of a brand new Labour-led coalition authorities, below the management of the 37-year-old Jacinda Ardern, whose youth and obvious idealism advised a transfer away from neoliberal orthodoxy. Through the election, overseas possession of land had been a serious speaking level, although it centered much less on the rich apocalypse-preppers of Silicon Valley than the notion that abroad property speculators had been driving up the price of homes in Auckland. The incoming authorities had dedicated to tightening laws round land purchases by overseas buyers. This was largely the doing of Winston Peters, a nationalist of Māori descent whose New Zealand First get together held the steadiness of energy, and was strongly in favour of tightening laws of overseas possession. Once I learn that Ardern had named Peters as her deputy prime minister, I used to be shocked to recognise the title – from, of all locations, The Sovereign Particular person, the place Davidson and Rees-Mogg had singled him out for weirdly private abuse as an arch-enemy of the rising cognitive elite, referring to him as a “reactionary loser” and “demagogue” who would “gladly thwart the prospects for long-term prosperity simply to stop people from declaring their independence of politics”.

Jacinda Ardern, prime minister of New Zealand. {Photograph}: Phil Walter/Getty Photographs

Throughout my time in New Zealand, Ardern was in every single place: within the papers, on tv, in each different dialog. On our method to Queenstown within the South Island, to see for ourselves the location of Thiel’s apocalyptic bolthole, Byrt and I had been within the safety line at Auckland airport when a lady of about our age, well dressed and accompanied by a cluster of serious-looking males, glanced in our path as she was conveyed rapidly alongside the categorical lane. She was speaking on her telephone, however regarded in the direction of us and waved at Byrt, smiling broadly in comfortable recognition.

“Who was that?” I requested.

“Jacinda,” he mentioned.

“ her?”

“We all know various the identical folks. We met for a drink a few instances again when she was Labour’s arts spokesperson.”


“Effectively yeah,” he laughed, “there’s solely so many people.”

“The endgame for Thiel is basically The Sovereign Particular person,” mentioned Byrt. He was driving the rental automobile, permitting me to totally commit my assets to the continued cultivation of aesthetic rapture (mountains, lakes, so forth). “And the underside line for me,” he mentioned, “is that I don’t need my son to develop up in that future.”

We had been on our method to see for ourselves the a part of New Zealand, on the shore of Lake Wanaka within the South Island, that Thiel had purchased for functions of post-collapse survival. We talked concerning the journey as if it had been a gesture of protest, however it felt like a sort of perverse pilgrimage. The time period “psychogeography” was cautiously invoked, and with solely the lightest of ironic inflections.

“The factor about Thiel is he’s the monster on the coronary heart of the labyrinth,” mentioned Byrt.

“He’s the white whale,” I advised, entering into the literary spirit of the enterprise.

Byrt’s obsession with Thiel occupied a sort of Melvillean register, yearned towards a mythic scale. It colored his notion of actuality. He admitted, for example, to a wierd aesthetic pathology whereby he encountered, within the alpine grandeur of the South Island, not the chic great thing about his own residence nation, however relatively what he imagined Thiel seeing within the place: Center-earth. Thiel’s Tolkien fixation was itself a fixation for Byrt: along with the intense libertarianism of The Sovereign Particular person, he was satisfied that it lay beneath Thiel’s continued curiosity in New Zealand.

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Matt Nippert, the New Zealand Herald journalist who had damaged the citizenship story earlier that 12 months, instructed me he was sure that Thiel had purchased the property for apocalypse-contingency functions. In his citizenship software, he had pledged his dedication to commit “a big period of time and assets to the folks and companies of New Zealand”. However none of this had amounted to a lot, Nippert mentioned, and he was satisfied it had solely ever been a feint to get him within the door as a citizen.

In a restaurant in Queenstown, about an hour’s drive from Thiel’s property, Byrt and I met a person to whom a rich acquaintance of Byrt’s had launched us. A well-known and properly related skilled in Queenstown, he agreed to talk anonymously for concern of creating himself unpopular amongst native enterprise leaders and buddies within the tourism commerce. He had been involved for some time now concerning the results on the realm of rich foreigners shopping for up large tracts of land. (“When you begin pissing within the hand basin, the place are you gonna wash your face?” as he put to me, in what I assumed was a purely rhetorical formulation.) He instructed us of 1 rich American of his acquaintance, “fairly left-of-centre”, who had purchased land down right here to allay his apocalyptic fears within the rapid aftermath of Trump’s election. One other couple he knew of, a pair of bitcoin billionaires, had purchased a big lakeside property on which they had been setting up a huge bunker.

This was the primary I’d heard since coming right here of an precise bunker being constructed. From the perspective of the fashionable apocalypticist, the entire attraction of the nation – its remoteness and stability, its considerable clear water, its huge and beautiful reaches of unpeopled land – was that it was itself a sort of bolstered geopolitical shelter, manner down there on the backside of the world.

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The folks I spoke to within the property enterprise had been eager to painting New Zealand as a sort of utopian sanctuary, however to provide as little oxygen as attainable to the associated narrative across the nation as an apocalyptic bolthole for the worldwide elite. Over espresso at his golf membership close to Queenstown, Terry Spice, a London-born luxurious property specialist who had not too long ago offered a big property abutting the Thiel property on Lake Wanaka, mentioned he felt Thiel had highlighted internationally that the nation was “a secure haven, and a legacy asset”. He himself had offered land to at least one very rich American shopper who had known as him on the evening of the presidential election. “This man couldn’t consider what was taking place. He needed to safe one thing instantly.” However on the entire, he insisted, this type of apocalyptically motivated purchaser represented a vanishingly small proportion of the market.

Exhibiting me across the high-end beachfront properties he represented about an hour or so north of Auckland, one other luxurious property specialist named Jim Rohrstaff – a Californian transplant who specialised in promoting to the worldwide market – likewise instructed me that though fairly a couple of of his main purchasers had been Silicon Valley varieties, the top of the world tended to not be a specific issue of their buying selections.

“Look,” he mentioned, “it may be one strand by way of what’s motivating them to purchase right here. However in my expertise it’s by no means been the overriding cause. It’s rather more of a optimistic factor. What they see after they come right here is utopia.”

In a single sense, I knew what he meant by this. He meant wonderful wine. He meant world-class golf. He meant agreeable local weather, infinite white sand seashores that scarcely aroused the suspicion of the existence of different human beings. However having currently spoken to Khylee Quince concerning the historic resonances of the idea of utopia, I questioned what else he may imply, and whether or not he supposed to imply it or not.

In Queenstown, earlier than we got down to discover the previous sheep station Thiel had purchased, we went to search for the home he owned within the city itself. This place, we speculated, should have been bought as a sort of apocalyptic pied-a-terre: someplace he might base himself, perhaps, whereas no matter development he had deliberate for the sheep station was underway. Nippert had given us the tackle; we discovered it simply sufficient, not removed from the centre of city, and recognised it instantly from one of many work in The Founder’s Paradox. It was the form of home a Bond villain may construct if for some cause he’d been pressured to maneuver to the suburbs. It regarded modestly ostentatious, if such a factor was attainable; the entrance of the constructing was one large window, gazing out blankly over the city and the lake under. There was some development happening within the place. I wandered up the drive and requested the builders in the event that they knew who their shopper was. “No concept, mate,” they mentioned. They had been simply doing a little renovation on contract. There’d been a hearth within the place some time again, apparently. Nothing sinister, simply wiring.

Lake Wanaka, in New Zealand’s South Island. {Photograph}: Stuart Black/Robert Harding/Rex/Shutterstock

The subsequent day, we made our method to Lake Wanaka, the place the bigger rural property was situated. We rented bikes within the city, and adopted the path across the southern shore of the lake. It bought rockier and extra mountainous the additional we pursued it, and by the point we knew for sure we had been on Thiel’s property, I used to be so sizzling and exhausted that each one I might assume to do was plunge into the lake to chill off. I requested Anthony whether or not he thought the water was secure to drink, and he mentioned he was positive of it, provided that its purity and its lots was a serious cause a billionaire hedging towards the collapse of civilisation would need to purchase land there within the first place. I swam out additional into what I had come to think about as Thiel’s apocalypse lake and, submerging my face, I drank so deeply that Anthony joked he might see the water stage plunging downward by levels. In reality, I drank properly past the purpose of quenching any literal thirst; in a manner that felt absurd and juvenile, and in addition weirdly and sincerely satisfying, I used to be ingesting apocalypse water, symbolically reclaiming it for the 99%. If in that second I might have drained Lake Wanaka simply to fuck up Thiel’s end-of-the-world contingency plan, I would properly have finished so.

I advised I would take a rock, a chunk of the place to convey residence and carry on my desk, however Byrt warned me that to take action can be a transgression of the Māori understanding of the land’s communal sacredness. We scrabbled up the stony flank of a hill and sat for some time looking over the calm floor of the lake to the distant snowy peaks, and over the inexperienced and undulating fields unfurling into the western distance, all of it the authorized possession of a person who had designs on proudly owning a rustic, who believed that freedom was incompatible with democracy.

Later, we made our method to the far facet of the property, bordering the street, the place we noticed the one precise construction on the whole property: a hay barn. It’s the opinion of this reporter that Thiel himself had no hand in its development.

“There you might have it,” mentioned Byrt. “Eyeball proof that Thiel is stockpiling hay for the collapse of civilisation.” I want to state categorically that we didn’t steal a lot as a single straw from that barn.

We had made it to the centre of the labyrinth, however it was elsewhere ultimately that the monster materialised. In early December, a few weeks after I’d left the nation, Max Harris, the younger Kiwi writer whose guide Denny and Byrt had used as a counterpoint to Thiel’s concepts, was residence for Christmas, and went alongside to the gallery to see the exhibition.

Down within the basement, within the central chamber – with its low ceilings, its iron vault door, its Führerbunkerishly oppressive vibe – Harris encountered, staring intently downward into the glass case containing the Founders sport, a person in shorts and a blue polo shirt, surrounded by a gaggle of youthful males, likewise polo-shirted. The older man was doughier and fewer healthy-looking than he appeared in pictures, Harris instructed me, however he had little doubt as to his id.

Harris, who was conscious that Peter Thiel had not been seen in New Zealand since 2011, requested the person whether or not he was who he thought he was; the person smirked and, with out elevating his eyes from the board sport towards Harris, replied that lots of people had been asking him simply that query. Harris requested the person what he considered the exhibition, and the person paused a very long time earlier than saying that it was “really a piece of phenomenal element”. He requested Harris if he knew the artist, and Harris mentioned that he did, that he himself was in a reality a author whose work had shaped a part of the conceptual framework for the present. Of the sheer improbability of those two men- one for whom New Zealand was a method of shoring up his wealth and energy in a coming civilisational collapse, one for whom it was residence, a supply of hope for a extra equal and democratic society – simply taking place to cross paths at an artwork exhibition loosely structured across the binary opposition of their political beliefs no point out was made, they usually went their separate methods.

Thiel left his contact particulars with the gallery, suggesting that Denny get in contact. He did, and Thiel responded rapidly; he’d been intrigued by what he had seen, however claimed to be just a little disturbed by how darkish his cyber-libertarianism appeared when refracted by means of the lens of The Founder’s Paradox. In any case, the dialog continued, they usually made preparations to satisfy on Denny’s subsequent journey to the US.

Denny was keen to maintain speaking, if solely as a result of he was decided to succeed in a deeper understanding of Thiel’s imaginative and prescient of the longer term. Byrt, the extra straightforwardly political in his antagonism towards Thiel and what he represented, was bewildered by this sudden flip of occasions, although surprisingly thrilled by it, too. Individually, this got here as a disorienting rug-pull ending – partly as a result of the monster had materialised, and he was subsequently now not merely a human emblem of the ethical vortex on the centre of capitalism, but in addition an precise human, goofily bought up in polo shirt and shorts, sweating within the warmth, traipsing alongside to an artwork gallery to indulge his human curiosity about what the artwork world considered his notoriously bizarre and excessive politics. A sovereign particular person in the identical bodily atmosphere as us atypical topic residents. But it surely additionally deepened the thriller of what Thiel had deliberate for New Zealand, for the longer term.

There was one thriller that did get solved, although not by me: the admittedly frivolous enigma of what kind of renovations these builders had been engaged on on the apocalyptic pied-a-terre in Queenstown. Nippert, in a latest New Zealand Herald article, had printed the architect’s plans for the place. Thiel was making some alterations to the master suite. He was placing in a panic room.

Principal picture of Lake Wanaka by Johan Lolos/Rex/Shutterstock

Assist for this text was supplied by a grant from the Pulitzer Middle on Disaster Reporting

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Source: https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/feb/15/why-silicon-valley-billionaires-are-prepping-for-the-apocalypse-in-new-zealand

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